Requiring districts to submit attendance plans for remote learning (e.g. The federal E-Rate program supports broadband connectivity and other digital learning infrastructure for schools and libraries, and during the COVID-19 crisis schools can purchase additional bandwidth to improve remote learning. CDC – When Vaccines Are Limited, Who Gets Vaccinated First? Think now about seeding plans for bringing those most likely to drop out back into school. For example: Other state legislation directly addresses the learning loss phenomenon to mitigate the educational impacts of the pandemic. This homework gap extends to the devices to which students have access: Black, Hispanic, and low-income students are more likely to try to complete schoolwork on a cell phone rather than a desktop or laptop computer. This Viewpoint essay examines public sector labor relations during the pandemic and describes the impact bargaining process that is used to protect public employees. During the beginning of the pandemic, a COVID‐19 patient rounding team was established including ID physicians and ID pharmacists to discuss management of patients and create COVID‐19 protocols. Streamline your payroll process by exporting Timekeeping information into payroll solutions. Training and education adjust during pandemic. Risk management, to most, conjures up images of risks from hurricanes, floods, tornadoes, terrorism. Absenteeism is associated with other negative consequences for students, including worse performance in coursework and on standardized tests, lower college attendance rates, reduced lifetime earnings, and increased incarceration rates. Fall studies suggest substantial variations, but clear losses across states: most students are behind where students stood last year, particularly in math, and student performance in schools with a majority of students of color may lag other schools by at least ten percentage points. During pandemic, education ‘only for those who can afford’ ... maraming pumapasok dahil malayo sa amin ang public school. The tricky question of exams. However, remote learning has not been deployed uniformly. Among states that have established their phase 1B and 1C vaccination plans, approaches include: States also acted to develop testing plans, submitted to the CDC. The challenges to government transparency and public participation created by the COVID-19 pandemic are substantial, and they could not have come at a worse time for Wyoming. As seen in West Africa during the Ebola crisis, school closures mean the loss of protection for those most vulnerable, including girls. As of March 23, more than 124 countries have closed their education systems either in full or in specific regions, and closures now affect more than 1.25 billion learners worldwide. Department of Agriculture (USDA) announced flexibilities to ensure that students receive meal service during school closures while minimizing potential exposure to the novel coronavirus. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates the cost of mitigation strategies may rise as high as $442 per student. The American Academy of Pediatrics urged a safe return to school this fall, citing negative impacts on students’ academic performance, physical and mental health, and social and emotional development resulting from closed campuses. Maintaining standard attendance requirements in remote learning (e.g. In addition, the agency released a set of indicators based on local COVID-19 transmission and test positivity rates for district leaders to use in making reopening decisions. The COVID-19 “mess” for education is a unique one. ; Amy Locke, MD, co-director of the Resiliency Center at the University of Utah Health in Salt … There has been application surge amid the pandemic, with medical school applicants up more than 15%, according to the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC). Learning from what has worked and is working in other jurisdictions will be important, as this will through necessity be a time of great experimentation (see this new UNESCO platform which will bring together education ministers to share experiences). Even in high-resource systems, the use of online technological platforms for teaching is in its infancy. With rigorous economic research and practical policy solutions, we focus on the issues and institutions that are critical to global development. As Fernando Reimers and his collaborators note in their book Letters to A New Minister of Education, your job as an education minister is now to “make sense of the mess”—to turn a series of interrelated challenges into a series of organized and prioritized problems and then into a strategy for action. As the FDA moved toward its December authorization of multiple COVID-19 vaccines for emergency use, discussion centered on plans for vaccine distribution and prioritization. President-elect Joe Biden’s transition team has committed to reopening schools, and to pursuing billions of dollars in federal funding for regular rapid testing of students, teachers and staff. NCSL Magazine – Will the Pandemic Change the Way We Deliver K-12 Education? During a recent episode of the AMA COVID-19 Video Update, well-being experts from three health systems shared how they are supporting physician wellness during the COVID-19 pandemic.They were: Nigel Girgrah, MD, PhD, chief wellness officer at Ochsner Health, an AMA Health System Program Partner. While you won’t be able to deliver your planned policies and interventions in the coming period, senior education leaders during past crises suggest that you need to ask carefully: What you can do, now, in this context, with your resources, to keep your country moving towards these goals? The COVID-19 “mess” for education is a unique one. State plans include diverse approaches to making reopening decisions, including: Although state plans place requirements and provide recommendations to districts on many reopening-related topics, in much of the country closure and reopening decisions remain a localized, district-level affair. CGD works to reduce global poverty and improve lives through innovative economic research that drives better policy and practice by the world’s top decision makers. Although many school systems announced initial closures of 2-4 weeks, recent announcements in the United States and in Canada, for example, suggest closures may last upwards of three months. In addition, concerns about absenteeism and “lost” students have been rising. The literature on crisis leadership emphasizes the importance of explaining your situation, plans, hopes, and concerns, openly and often. To find out, Times reporters studied seven … One recent study found that in communities with low rates of COVID-19 infection, risks of spread in schools remained rare; however, in communities with higher rates of transmission—including most of the U.S.—opening schools contributed to increased spread. You can start by thinking about how you might replace these essential protective services—for example, can you switch from school meals to take-home rations, or cash transfers? Across the political spectrum, commentators have argued that COVID-19 provides an opportunity to reimagine remote learning and better incorporate digital technologies into schooling. How will you protect the welfare of contract teachers and others in the education workforce? Schools and districts that chose to operate with in-person or hybrid instruction models in the fall built testing and contract tracing protocols into their reopening plans. many different guidelines related to education in emergencies, in Los Angeles for example, a majority of children rely on school meal programs, in New York, homeless children rely on schools for bathing and laundry, Can they be used as crisis hubs for the community, aggressive upswing in marketing of educational software, technological solutions often exacerbate existing inequalities, even the best solutions require careful attention to the crucial interface between technology, teacher, and child, radio broadcast have been used effectively in many countries, research suggests that relying on parents will not be enough, COVID: School Closures and Education Systems. In support of librarians impacted by the global pandemic of COVID-19, the latest research and information for library crisis management is readily available, including the Library Science and Administration: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications (IGI Global), edited by Mehdi Khosrow-Pour, D.B.A., Executive Editor of IGI Global. This group is recommended to receive the vaccine after most healthcare workers and residents of long-term care facilities are vaccinated, but before the general population under 75. However, research suggests that relying on parents will not be enough; getting your teachers and school heads involved in (virtual) delivery will be essential. Tel: 202-624-5400 | Fax: 202-737-1069, Research, Editorial, Legal and Committee Staff, E-Learning | Staff Professional Development, Communications, Financial Services and Interstate Commerce, Public Education's Response to the Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic, Copyright 2021 by National Conference of State Legislatures. Students in rural communities face particularly severe challenges in accessing the internet for schoolwork. A first principle in crisis management is to protect your people, especially the most vulnerable. [2 1] Cities that implemented such Educators and policymakers face daunting challenges to ensure that U.S. students receive a quality education in an unprecedented environment. It’s planned out. Paycor provides an all-in-one solution focused around Human Capital Management. NCSL Magazine: New Resources Track School Reopening Guidance, Requirements, NCSL Magazine: States Act to Give Schools COVID-19 Liability Protection, NCSL Health Program – State COVID-19 Actions, NCSL Health Program – COVID-19 Health Policy Snapshots, NCSL Webinar – State Planning for Distribution and Allocation of COVID-19 Vaccine, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services (HHS) – COVID-19 Testing Plans by State and Jurisdiction, Council of State Governments – State Vaccination Plans, National Academy for State Health Policy – Review of State Vaccination Plans, Kaiser Family Foundation – State Plans for COVID-19 Vaccination Prioritization. Bills include: The CARES Act provided billions of dollars to states to support K-12 education. Attendance Works, a national coalition promoting improved student attendance, recommends that school districts track attendance daily, even in remote learning, invest in data and research and promote equitable access to remote attendance. By the end of March 2020, the U.S. Department of Education had offered a waiver from testing requirements in the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), and all 50 states, along with the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico, had cancelled their state exams. This paper helps Conflict Resolution Practitioners update their expertise by summarizing current federal legal guidelines, laws and regulations, and expectations from Public Authorities, during the COVID-19 Pandemic. However, fully remote instruction has raised concerns that students without broadband access, students of color, low-performing students, and low-income students may fall behind their peers. For more information on testing and vaccination, please consult NCSL’s Health Program. Beyond didactic education, which will play a pivotal role in resident education during this pandemic, surgical education must also continue where possible. The reasons behind that spike are varied, but there’s no denying that more applications mean more competition.. Teachers and upper-level students can be called on to act as virtual tutors using simple SMS platforms to enhance the effectiveness of online and broadcast programs. Tel: 303-364-7700 | Fax: 303-364-7800, 444 North Capitol Street, N.W., Suite 515 As you learn from the experience of others, also consider how you are learning from this crisis: What evidence can you collect that will help others now and in the future? Low-income students in rural communities may face nearly insurmountable difficulties in completing schoolwork or attending class online. Prior to the pandemic, most schools measured attendance and instructional time straightforwardly: by taking measures to ensure students were physically present in the classroom, and counting the time spent in this physical learning environment. The USDA has issued waivers to exempt states … NCSL tracks current research and state and federal action to assist our members in making decisions that support each child’s educational growth. Such efforts include: The switch to remote and hybrid learning has called into question how schools will monitor student attendance and instructional time. Tying the method of instruction that districts may use to coded levels of infection, without specifying the metrics used to determine those levels (e.g. Center for Reinventing Public Education (CRPE) analysis showed that more than half of school districts began the year with some form of hybrid or distance learning, but that students living in or near poverty were more likely than their higher-income peers to start the school year remotely. The Council of Chief State School Officers released a statement in support of administering tests in the spring, aiming to engage parents and classroom teachers in designing assessments that effectively measure student learning in unprecedented circumstances. States, districts and schools have sought to leverage afterschool and summer programming to mitigate learning loss and help students catch up. On Dec. 22, 2020, the CDC’s Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) updated its recommendations for vaccine distribution: frontline workers, including school staff, are included in group “1B,” along with individuals 75 and older. We have limited information about the likely path of the pandemic. Prior to the pandemic, research suggested that students learning online failed to match their peers’ assessment performance or graduation rates. Denver, CO 80230 Crucially, the public, your staff, and your partners also need to know about your continued commitment to key educational principles and goals. The Building State Capability program at Harvard highlights common characteristics of successful leadership in contexts of crisis. Public input and public involvement have never been more important as the state faces critical decisions — yet the worsening health crisis inhibits both. Not all communities are equipped with the broadband infrastructure … Examples of state action include: We are the nation's most respected bipartisan organization providing states support, ideas, connections and a strong voice on Capitol Hill. Most experts conclude that schools may not operate normally until next school year at the earliest. Uncertainty seems to be the only thing we can be certain of today. If states move forward with testing, officials face steep challenges in administering tests safely as COVID-19 case counts continue to grow, including secure remote testing of students with unequal access to broadband. Explain what you do know—and what you do not. With more than 50 million school age children in the U.S, K-12 education policy has rarely been more pertinent and contentious. We will see many experiments in coming months. In many states, statute ties school funding to schools meeting certain requirements for “seat time” for each student. Making recommendations for districts based on case levels, positivity rates or other metrics and designations, but leaving decision-making about learning methods to local districts (e.g. Everyone from ministerial staff down to district leaders and school heads, teachers, children, and parents has something to contribute, and together they will provide crucial insights to help you plan your response. Enacted legislation includes: Since the beginning of the pandemic, public health officials have emphasized that widespread testing and contact tracing are necessary to limit caseloads and return institutions—including schools—to normal operation. NCSL Blog – Leveraging Afterschool and Summer to Help Students Catch Up, Keep Up, NCSL Webinar – Pandemic Learning Loss and Approaches to Summer Learning, Northwest Evaluation Association – Learning During COVID-19: Initial Findings on Students’ Reading and Math Achievement and Growth, National Center for the Improvement of Education Assessment – Rethinking School Accountability for the 2020-2021 School Year, McKinsey & Co. – COVID-19 and Student Learning: The Hurt Could Last a Lifetime, McKinsey & Co. – COVID-19 and Learning Loss: Disparities Grow and Students Need Help, Center for Reinventing Public Education – Learning As We Go: Principles for Effective Assessment During the COVID-19 Pandemic, Attendance Works – Attendance Policy During the COVID-19 Pandemic, National Governor’s Association – State Reopening Plan Database, Education Commission of the States – Instructional Time Requirements (50-state comparison), Education Week – Five Things You Need To Know About Student Absences During COVID-19, NCSL Database: State Action on Coronavirus Relief Funds, NCSL Database: State Education Legislation Addressing COVID-19, Higher Education Responses to Coronavirus, Education Finance in the Time of COVID-19, NCSL Blog: How States Are Using CARES Act Funds to Support K-12 Education, NCSL Policy Brief: Addressing Social and Emotional Needs During COVID-19: Emerging Themes in School Reopening Guides. Federal officials indicated in the summer that states should anticipate administering tests in the spring so policymakers avoid going two years without this information. The COVID-19 crisis continues to rattle K-12 education into 2021. Harvard’s Matt Andrews suggests a few simple guidelines: be calm, clear, factual, and frank. COVID-19 presents a number of new challenges compared to other kinds of emergencies. The effects of a pandemic can be lessened if preparations are made ahead of time. Prioritizing all individuals 65 and over prior to frontline workers, including school staff, for phase 1B vaccination (e.g. As they await federal guidance on required spring exams, some states have already acted to bolster or alter their assessment and accountability infrastructure for this school year. Everything changed the week of March 16 for corporate leaders. Washington, D.C. 20001 This is an anxious time for students, who have been required to vacate schools and do not know when or if they might return to earn their leaving credentials. Such exams heighten stress among learners, and are risky during COVID-19 because they rely on face-to-face proctoring. In spring of 2020, public health orders closed schools around the country to in-person instruction. Engaging directly with children is an emerging innovation in crisis communications. Requiring some level of in-person instruction, while allowing districts to obtain a waiver based on high levels of local COVID-19 transmission (e.g. It will be important to remember that technological solutions often exacerbate existing inequalities. And even the best solutions require careful attention to the crucial interface between technology, teacher, and child. The left-leaning Economic Policy Institute recommended major investments in staff training for digital instruction, broadband and device access, and social-emotional needs for students learning from home. Offering seat time waivers to districts to account for school closures (e.g. The gap between low-income students and students of color and their peers may be attributed to a higher likelihood of these students learning remotely, and more representative data in the future may show even greater learning loss and larger equity gaps. Modules offered by radio broadcast have been used effectively in many countries (see Kenya for an early example of a program responding to COVID-19). Early education during a pandemic VPerspective Early education during a pandemic. Even in the richer countries, schools provide social services that are difficult to replace—in Los Angeles for example, a majority of children rely on school meal programs; in New York, homeless children rely on schools for bathing and laundry. Published announcements like this circular issued by a Canadian school board or these guidelines released by the Ministry of Education in Kenya are a good start. Scott Cowen, a university president in New Orleans during Hurricane Katrina in 2005, argues, “the importance of actively creating a sense of community beyond living and learning in close proximity cannot be overstated.”. For now, just a few points to keep in mind: Address the needs of the most vulnerable children and youth. UNICEF has issued guidance that provides a checklist with detailed information about how to preserve the safety of teachers and school leaders when calling them into active service. These divergences raise concerns that income- and race-based achievement gaps will grow during the pandemic: low-income students and students of color are more likely than their peers to lack broadband and these students uniquely benefit from in-person interaction with educators. Changing circumstances and competing concerns indicate a fluid and uncertain landscape moving into the spring semester. District leaders, school heads, and teachers often have detailed information about the needs of children and families in their communities—you may be able to call on them for advice to ensure that the most vulnerable children are protected and return to school. Migration, Displacement, and Humanitarian Policy, Co-Director of Education Policy and Senior Policy Fellow. Many governments have ordered institutions to cease face-to-face instruction for most of their students, requiring them to switch, almost overnight, to online teaching and virtual education. Remember that while ministries of education have many fixed costs during school and university closures, there may be staff, equipment, and materials that can be redeployed; and myriad donors, partners, and stakeholders that can be called on to help fill gaps. During a pandemic, certain legal authorities External, policies and regulations may apply and serve as the foundation for the US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to respond.. Public Health Service Act. You protect the welfare of contract teachers and others in the Building state Capability blog have flourished and. Suggested that students learning online failed to match their peers ’ assessment performance or graduation rates tests the! ” for each student how can you unlock the capacity of your staff during the?. Policy ( e.g more information on testing and vaccination, please consult ncsl ’ s crisis planning while allowing to! 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