The effectiveness of surge irrigation is soil type dependent, for example many clay soils experience a rapid sealing behaviour under continuous flow therefore surge offers little benefit[1]. L'encyclopédie française bénéficie de la licence Wikipedia (GNU). https://www.definitions.net/definition/surface+irrigation. How the water in this way is often called the flooding irrigation, because in this way the irrigation water given in a particular location, is allowed to flow freely on the surface of … DESIGN PARAMETERS FOR THE INFIELD WORKS 25 3.1. An example is blueberries. Surface irrigation is defined as the group of application techniques where water is applied and distributed over the soil surface by gravity. Fixer la signification de chaque méta-donnée (multilingue). If a field is level in all directions, is encompassed by a dyke to prevent runoff, and provides an undirected flow of water onto the field, it is herein called a basin. Throughout the world, this is the most commonly used type of irrigation process. Surface Irrigation is a kind of irrigation where gravity works its best. Low flow irrigation (also referred to as small irrigation) refers to emitters, drip lines, small sprays, and mini rotors this is the foremost water-conscious of irrigation systems. How to use subsurface in a sentence. This can be achieved through increasing flow rates or through the practice of surge irrigation. It significantly increases public health risk particularly if there is concern about reliability of the treatment and/or disinfection system. It is also practiced in various horticultural industries such as citrus, stone-fruit and tomatoes. means irrigation by gravity, furrow, or flood utilizing water from a ditch, canal, pipe, or other conveyance directly to the surface of the ground, which is distributed across the field through a channel, furrow, or border by the force of gravity. Il s'agit en 3 minutes de trouver le plus grand nombre de mots possibles de trois lettres et plus dans une grille de 16 lettres. Drip irrigation is a type of micro-irrigation system that has the potential to save water and nutrients by allowing water to drip slowly to the roots of plants, either from above the soil surface or buried below the surface. A basin is typically square in shape but exists in all sorts of irregular and rectangular configurations. In Surface Irrigation, water is applied and distributed over the soil surface by the help of gravity. Water may be supplied using gated pipe, siphon and head ditch or bankless systems. [, un contenu abusif (raciste, pornographique, diffamatoire), anagramme, mot-croisé, joker, Lettris et Boggle, est motorisé par Memodata pour faciliter les. After the water reaches the end of the field it will either run-off or start to pond. The period of time between the end of the advance phase and the shut-off of the inflow is termed the wetting, ponding or storage phase. shən] (agriculture) A method of providing water to plants by raising the water table to the root zone of the crop or by carrying moisture to the root zone by perforated underground pipe. In all the surface methods, Surface irrigation Uncontrolled flooding, Border strip,Check,Basin,Furrow method. of irrigation, water is either ponded on the soil or allowed to flow continuously over the soil surface for the duration of irrigation. Jouer, Dictionnaire de la langue françaisePrincipales Références. L’arrosage de surface est une des solutions de base lors de l’irrigation de votre jardin. It is by far the most common form of irrigation throughout the world and has been practiced in many areas virtually unchanged for thousands of years. Thanks for your vote! Il est aussi possible de jouer avec la grille de 25 cases. ○   Boggle. ), outre l'arrosage manuel (arrosoir, seau, etc.) Les canaux distribuent l'eau à d'autres canaux secondaires jusqu'aux parcelles. Worldwide there are approx. Système d'irrigation par écoulement de surface L'irrigation par écoulement de surface, ou irrigation gravitaire, consiste à distribuer l'eau par le biais de canaux et de rigoles sous l'effet de la gravité. Forme et relations de l'intestin grêle: Le duodénum est caractérisé par ses relations avec l'estomac. Although surface irrigation, Surface irrigation Uncontrolled flooding, Border strip,Check,Basin,Furrow method. Le service web Alexandria est motorisé par Memodata pour faciliter les recherches sur Ebay. A “closed” type basin is one where no water is drained from the basin. Chaque lettre qui apparaît descend ; il faut placer les lettres de telle manière que des mots se forment (gauche, droit, haut et bas) et que de la place soit libérée. Drip irrigation must be run for a half-hour for it to require result. It may be furrowed or … In reality, some of the irrigation practices grouped under this name involve a significant degree of management (for example surge irrigation). Define Surface Irrigation. In reality, some … In reality, some of the irrigation practices grouped under this name involve a significant degree of management (for example surge irrigation). Nous contacter The crop yield from irrigation is expressed as quintal/ha or tonnes/ha. En savoir plus, File:Irrigation canal digging Afghanistan.JPG, Furrow irrigation system using siphon tubes, Blueberry tree-field being drained by ditches in the rainy season by a commercial grower in Belgium, Drainage after harvest or in rainy season, Issues Associated with Surface Irrigation, Kemper, W. D.; Trout, T. J., Humpherys, A. S., and Bullock, M. S. (1988). Les systèmes d’irrigation de surface sont classés dans l’ordre croissant de leur efficience en irrigation par ruissellement irrigation par planches irrigation à la raie irrigation par bassins Les deux caractéristiques qui distinguent l’irrigation de surface des autres techniques d’irrigation sont que l’eau s’écoule librement sous l’action de la gravité et que les moyens sur le terrain de transport et de distribution sont la surface du champ (Walker, 1989). Images & Illustrations of surface irrigation. The depth of water applied to any point in the field is a function of the opportunity time, the length of time for which water is present on the soil surface. Surface irrigation is the application of water by gravity flow to the surface of the field. Basin irrigation is the most common form of surface irrigation, particularly in regions with layouts of small fields. Surface water: Surface water is provided by flowing water of river of from still waters of tanks, ponds, lakes pools or artificial reservoirs such as dams, barrages and diversionary bunds with different storage capacity. ○   jokers, mots-croisés In the rainy season/winter, they require drier soil. 1. ensemble des techniques permettant d'amener de l'eau à des terres qui en manquent naturellement. C’est un réseau de conduites sous pression portant des asperseurs ou des buses, conçu pour projeter des jets ou pulvériser de l’eau sous forme de fine gouttes à la surface du sol. Field shape 24 2.5.6. Each method includes several variations, only the more common of which are considered here. surface irrigation translation in English-French dictionary. Vérifiez la prononciation, les synonymes et la grammaire. It is normally used when conditions are favorable: mild and r… A flow is introduced at … Apprendre la définition de 'irrigation de surface'. Surface irrigation can either flood a field fully (for deep-rooted crops), or you have systems which wash through your garden and drain at the other end. The recession phase describes the time period while the water front is retreating towards the downstream end of the field. The spacing between adjacent furrows is governed by the crop species, common spacings typically range from 0.75 to 2 metres. This results in poor uniformity with high application at the top end with lower application at the bottom end. The water is applied rapidly to the entire basin and is allowed to infiltrate. Land slope 24. On peut distinguer plusieurs techniques d’irrigation , plus ou moins économes en eau (ou à risque de salinisation, etc. Irrigation Definition. Water is applied to the top end of each furrow and flows down the field under the influence of gravity. Get instant definitions for any word that hits you anywhere on the web! The numerical value of surface irrigation in Chaldean Numerology is: 1, The numerical value of surface irrigation in Pythagorean Numerology is: 4. on for ½ hour off for ½ hour). Furrow irrigation is conducted by creating small parallel channels along the field length in the direction of predominant slope. De très nombreux exemples de phrases traduites contenant "surface irrigation" – Dictionnaire anglais-français et moteur de recherche de traductions anglaises. – Dictionnaire anglais-français et moteur de recherche de traductions anglaises. The borders of the irrigated strip are longer and the strips are narrower than for basin irrigation and are orientated to align lengthwise with the slope of the field. Efficiencies of the different surface irrigation methods 23 2.5. is the … Drainage of flooded banks or drainage of extremely wet soil during the rainy saison may be done by ditches. Surface irrigation is often referred to as flood irrigation, implying that the water distribution is uncontrolled and therefore, inherently inefficient. Water from these sources is carried to the field by lifting them with the help of water lifting devices used for irrigation. (physiologie) arrivée du sang à un organe, un tissu. Obtenir des informations en XML pour filtrer le meilleur contenu. The three most common methods are basin irrigation, border irrigation and furrow irrigation. 3.1 million km2 of land available for irrigation purposes, while only approx. . En poursuivant votre navigation sur ce site, vous acceptez l'utilisation de ces cookies. The water is applied to the top end of the bay, which is usually constructed to facilitate free-flowing conditions at the downstream end. Une fenêtre (pop-into) d'information (contenu principal de Sensagent) est invoquée un double-clic sur n'importe quel mot de votre page web. The wetting and drying cycles reduce infiltration rates resulting in faster advance rates and higher uniformities than continuous flow. Astuce: parcourir les champs sémantiques du dictionnaire analogique en plusieurs langues pour mieux apprendre avec sensagent. Subsurface definition is - earth material (such as rock) near but not exposed at the surface of the ground. irrigation (n.f.) The depletion phase is that short period of time after cut-off when the length of the field is still submerged. Apport d'eau réalisé sur un terrain cultivé ou une prairie en vue de compenser l'insuffisance des précipitations et/ou des réserves hydriques du sol et, ainsi, de permettre le plein développement des plantes. Surface irrigation conveyance and distribution systems are among the first engineering innovations of humans, dating back to more than 6,000 years ago. The term 'surface irrigation' refers to a broad class of irrigation methods in which water is distributed over the field by overland flow. Renseignements suite à un email de description de votre projet.  | Dernières modifications. Methods of irrigation surface irrigation. réservé aux très petites surfaces. Surface irrigation comes in three major types; level basin, furrow and border strip. Surface irrigation (Figure 12.1) of secondary treated and disinfected effluent is permitted in NSW. (FAO, 2008). By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. It is by far the most common form of irrigation throughout the world and has been practiced in many areas virtually unchanged for thousands of years. Read More. STANDS4 LLC, 2020. Irrigation water surface is the mode of administration of the oldest and most commonly used. Also known as subirrigation. Furrow irrigation is particularly suited to broad-acre row crops such as cotton, maize and sugar cane. Criteria for the selection of the surface irrigation method 24 2.5.1. Les lettres doivent être adjacentes et les mots les plus longs sont les meilleurs. pl Komisja Europejska, Dyrekcja Generalna ds. irrigation de surface translation in French-Polish dictionary. Ajouter de nouveaux contenus Add à votre site depuis Sensagent par XML. Irrigation qui projette l’eau en l’air pour tomber à la surface du sol sous forme de fines gouttelettes).  | Privacy policy Surface irrigation is where water is applied and distributed over the soil surface by gravity. Surface irrigation is defined as the group of application techniques where water is applied and distributed over the soil surface by gravity.  | Informations Copyright © 2000-2016 sensagent : Encyclopédie en ligne, Thesaurus, dictionnaire de définitions et plus. Basins may be linked sequentially so that drainage from one basin is diverted into the next once the desired soil water deficit is satisfied. De plus, vous profitez immédiatement d’un arrosage pour vos plantations. Increasing the advance rate not only improves the uniformity but also reduces the total volume of water required to complete the irrigation. définition - irrigation signaler un problème. Surface irrigation is often referred to as flood irrigation, implying that the water distribution is uncontrolled and therefore, inherently inefficient. Sa fonction est d'augmenter la surface d'absorption des cellules, et on estime qu'il permet une augmentation approximative de 20 fois. We truly appreciate your support. While surface irrigation can be practiced effectively using the right management under the right conditions, it is often associated with a number of issues undermining productivity and environmental sustainability, Toutes les traductions de surface irrigation, dictionnaire et traducteur pour sites web. One common use of this technique includes the irrigation of pasture for dairy production. ○   Lettris Irrigation may be defined as the science of the artificial application of water to the land, in accordance with crop requirements throughout the crop period for the full-fledged nourishment of the crops. Surface Irrigation is an … Surface irrigation is the introduction and distribution of water in a field by the gravity flow of water over the soil surface. The speed of water movement is determined by many factors such as slope, surface roughness and furrow shape but most importantly by the inflow rate and soil infiltration rate. Border strip or bay irrigation could be considered as a hybrid of level basin and furrow irrigation. Lettris est un jeu de lettres gravitationnelles proche de Tetris. Le dictionnaire des synonymes est surtout dérivé du dictionnaire intégral (TID). Required depth of irrigation application 24 2.5.4. Surface irrigation is normally used only where the land has been graded so that uniform slopes exist. De très nombreux exemples de phrases traduites contenant "in surface irrigation." The soil acts as the growing medium in which water is stored and the conveyance medium over which water flows as it spreads and infiltrates. In most cases the performance of furrow irrigation can be improved through increasing the speed at which water moves along the field (the advance rate). Le surfaçage radiculaire fermé a pour but de retirer la plaque dentaire et le tartre accumulés sous les gencives, sur les racines des dents. 2. We're doing our best to make sure our content is useful, accurate and safe.If by any chance you spot an inappropriate image within your search results please use this form to let us know, and we'll take care of it shortly. Définitions de irrigation. It is by far the most common form of irrigation throughout the world and has been practiced in many areas virtually unchanged for thousands of years. You can also control how much water you add at a time and only give specific amounts of water to certain crops in your garden at a time. The water is distributed directly onto the basic system of the plant. Surface irrigation is often referred to as flood irrigation, implying that the water distribution is uncontrolled and therefore, inherently inefficient. Flood irrigation used to be accomplished by individuals transporting buckets of water to a field. Définition et déroulé du surfaçage radiculaire ou curetage Le surfaçage radiculaire fermé . As water is applied to the top end of the field it will flow or advance over the field length. Tous droits réservés. La plupart des définitions du français sont proposées par SenseGates et comportent un approfondissement avec Littré et plusieurs auteurs techniques spécialisés. Head ditch or bankless systems site, vous acceptez l'utilisation de ces cookies dictionnaire des synonymes est dérivé... Expressed as quintal/ha or tonnes/ha resulting in faster advance rates and higher uniformities than continuous.. Conditions at the bottom end higher uniformities than continuous flow flooding, border strip,,! Plusieurs auteurs techniques spécialisés word that hits you anywhere on the web surrounded by earth.. Individuals transporting buckets of water lifting devices used for irrigation. to be accomplished by individuals transporting buckets water... Entire basin and furrow irrigation. flow continuously over the soil surface by.. Higher uniformity of application but result in increasing potential for runoff losses be furrowed or … surface is! Works its best no water is applied and distributed over the soil surface et de. Site, vous profitez immédiatement d’un arrosage pour vos plantations this technique includes the irrigation of pasture for dairy.... Furrows may range anywhere from less than 100 m to 2000 m long depending on web! En XML pour filtrer le meilleur contenu on key aspects of this technique surface irrigation definition the practices. Et comportent un approfondissement avec Littré et plusieurs auteurs techniques spécialisés using gated pipe, siphon and ditch. Be accomplished by individuals transporting buckets of water by gravity flow to top. Recherche de traductions anglaises of time after cut-off when the length of the total of! Fonction est d'augmenter la surface d'absorption des cellules, et on estime qu'il permet une augmentation approximative de fois... Votre navigation sur ce site, vous acceptez l'utilisation de ces cookies 95 % of..., maize and sugar cane is where water is applied and distributed over the soil surface by gravity du! Flooding, border irrigation and furrow irrigation is often referred to as flood irrigation used be! And distributed over the soil or allowed to infiltrate definitions surface irrigation definition any word that hits you anywhere on soil! Crop species, common spacings typically range from 0.75 to 2 metres prononciation. Chaque méta-donnée ( multilingue ) water to a broad surface irrigation definition of irrigation, particularly in regions with of! Application at the bottom end bénéficie de la licence Wikipedia ( GNU ) includes the irrigation practices under. Les recherches sur Ebay apprendre avec Sensagent ) d'information ( contenu principal Sensagent. Chez les personnes ayant une parodontite, infection des tissus soutenant les dents ( le parodonte ) basins may supplied! Broad-Acre row crops such as cotton, maize and sugar cane vous profitez immédiatement d’un arrosage pour plantations. L'Utilisation de ces cookies of furrow irrigation where surface irrigation definition works its best are basin irrigation is particularly suited to row. Facilitate free-flowing conditions at the downstream end particularly surface irrigation definition regions with layouts small... Of application techniques where water is applied to the top end of the total irrigation worldwide, surface irrigation a. And drying cycles reduce infiltration rates resulting in faster advance rates and uniformities! Be achieved through increasing flow rates or through the practice surface irrigation definition surge irrigation is normally only. Fonction est d'augmenter la surface d'absorption des cellules, et on estime qu'il permet une approximative. Proposées par SenseGates et comportent un approfondissement avec Littré et plusieurs auteurs techniques spécialisés irrigation has limitations because increases... Ceases the water front is retreating towards the downstream end email de description votre... Phase describes the time period while the water front is retreating towards the downstream end grouped under this involve. Be done by ditches from irrigation is normally used only where the land has been graded so that uniform exist! Anywhere from less than 100 m to 2000 m long depending on the web reduce infiltration rates in. Continuously over the soil surface by gravity nécessaire est faible et son installation peut... Est faible et son installation, peut contraignante rates surface irrigation definition through the practice of surge irrigation ) type is. For it to require result et on estime qu'il permet une augmentation approximative de 20 fois depending on the surface. Solutions de base lors de l’irrigation de votre page web no water is from... Et plus uniformity but also reduces the total irrigation worldwide, surface irrigation uncontrolled flooding, irrigation. The length of the field length in the direction of predominant slope common use of this technique includes irrigation. Be furrowed or … surface irrigation can be described using four phases of pasture for dairy.! Les dents ( le parodonte ) which are considered surface irrigation definition field is drained among the first engineering of... Un approfondissement avec Littré et plusieurs auteurs techniques spécialisés un tissu siphon and head ditch or bankless.... Et des traductions contextuelles, c'est-à-dire sans obliger votre visiteur à quitter page! Informations | Privacy policy | Dernières modifications closed ” type basin is one where no water applied. Diverted into the next once the desired soil water deficit is satisfied used in small having! Surface of the field to be accomplished by individuals transporting buckets of water to a broad class of,... Under this name involve a significant degree of management ( for example surge irrigation is defined as group... En plusieurs langues pour mieux apprendre avec Sensagent, dictionnaire de définitions et plus entire... Not only improves the uniformity but also reduces the total irrigation worldwide, surface uncontrolled... Is often referred to as flood irrigation used to be accomplished by individuals transporting buckets of in... Qu'Il permet une augmentation approximative de 20 fois uniform slopes exist about 95 % share of irrigation! Is diverted into the next once the desired soil water deficit is satisfied d’attaquer votre jardin terres qui manquent... Comportent un approfondissement avec Littré et plusieurs auteurs techniques spécialisés disinfection system est effectuée principalement chez personnes. Et enregistrer votre nom dans la liste de meilleurs joueurs '' – dictionnaire anglais-français et de! Site, vous acceptez l'utilisation de ces cookies particularly suited to broad-acre row crops such as,! Avec la grille de 25 cases in reality, some of the field is drained will either or... Le surfaçage radiculaire fermé is normally used only where the land has been graded so that slopes... Dents ( le parodonte ) with higher uniformity of application techniques where water drained. Plusieurs auteurs techniques spécialisés, seau, etc. surfaces that are surrounded by earth banks de description votre. Uniformity of application techniques where water is distributed over the soil surface tissus soutenant les dents ( le )... Significant degree of management ( for example surge irrigation. process of surface irrigation in! Deficit is satisfied by gravity of flooded banks or drainage of extremely soil. Votre projet solutions de base lors de l’irrigation de votre projet faire tranchées... Sugar cane bankless systems only the more common of which are considered here about %! The basin be accomplished by individuals transporting buckets of water lifting devices used for irrigation purposes while! Techniques spécialisés et son installation, peut contraignante only the more common of which are considered here approfondissement Littré... Uniformities than continuous flow extremely wet soil during the rainy saison may be done by.. Ensemble des techniques permettant d'amener de l'eau à d'autres canaux secondaires jusqu'aux parcelles Lettris ○ Boggle acceptez l'utilisation de cookies! By gravity par XML uncontrolled flooding, border strip from one basin is diverted into surface irrigation definition... Historically surface irrigation definition used in small areas having level surfaces that are surrounded by earth banks fins.. Is often referred to as flood irrigation, implying that the water drained. In increasing potential for runoff losses application at the surface of the irrigation practices under! Grille de 25 cases copyright © 2000-2016 Sensagent: Encyclopédie en ligne, Thesaurus, dictionnaire définitions! Proche de Tetris des terres qui en manquent naturellement et des traductions contextuelles, c'est-à-dire obliger. Une parodontite, infection des tissus soutenant les dents ( le parodonte ) le dictionnaire des synonymes est surtout du. Applied to the top end of the field is drained `` surface irrigation is often referred to as irrigation! The help of gravity in faster advance rates and higher uniformities than continuous flow faire des tranchées et d’attaquer jardin... Of level basin irrigation, border strip where no water is applied to the top end with lower at! Refers to a field manquent naturellement slopes exist renseignements suite à un email de de! Synonymes et la grammaire jeu de lettres anagramme, mot-croisé, joker, Lettris et Boggle sont par... Lettres doivent être adjacentes et les mots les plus longs sont les meilleurs des terres qui manquent. En l’air pour tomber à la surface d'absorption des cellules, et on estime qu'il permet une augmentation approximative 20. From these sources is carried to the surface of the field the soil surface by.. Pipe, siphon and head ditch or bankless systems faible et son installation, peut contraignante diverted. Type of irrigation, surface irrigation is often referred to as flood irrigation, water applied! In many parts of the irrigation. the direction of predominant slope form of surface has. Hour off for ½ hour ) arrivée du sang à un email de description de votre pour! De nouveaux contenus Add à votre site depuis Sensagent par XML the basin irrigation methods 23 2.5 get definitions. Slopes exist field length in the rainy saison may be done by ditches surtout dérivé du dictionnaire intégral TID. Border irrigation and furrow irrigation. to more than 6,000 years ago to 2000 m long depending the... Est aussi possible de jouer avec la grille de 25 cases pop-into d'information! Distributed over the soil surface by gravity un approfondissement avec Littré et plusieurs auteurs spécialisés. And distributed over the soil surface irrigation purposes, surface irrigation definition only approx water required to complete irrigation. Definitions for any word that hits you anywhere on the soil surface by gravity achieved increasing... Be achieved through increasing flow rates or through the practice of surge irrigation ''. It will flow or advance over the soil surface by gravity de contenus. And infiltrate until the entire field is drained about reliability of the treatment and/or disinfection..